A landmark study led by the Black Dog Institute has revealed that regular exercise of any intensity can prevent future depression – and just one hour can help.Published today in the American Journal of Psychiatry, the results show even small amounts of exercise can protect against depression, with mental health benefits seen regardless of age or gender.In the largest and most extensive study of its kind, the analysis involved 33,908 Norwegian adults who had their levels of exercise and symptoms of depression and anxiety monitored over 11 years. Share on Facebook The international research team found that 12 percent of cases of depression could have been prevented if participants undertook just one hour of physical activity each week.“We’ve known for some time that exercise has a role to play in treating symptoms of depression, but this is the first time we have been able to quantify the preventative potential of physical activity in terms of reducing future levels of depression,” said lead author Associate Professor Samuel Harvey from Black Dog Institute and UNSW.“These findings are exciting because they show that even relatively small amounts of exercise – from one hour per week – can deliver significant protection against depression.“We are still trying to determine exactly why exercise can have this protective effect, but we believe it is from the combined impact of the various physical and social benefits of physical activity.“These results highlight the great potential to integrate exercise into individual mental health plans and broader public health campaigns. If we can find ways to increase the population’s level of physical activity even by a small amount, then this is likely to bring substantial physical and mental health benefits.”The findings follow the Black Dog Institute’s recent Exercise Your Mood campaign, which ran throughout September and encouraged Australians to improve their physical and mental wellbeing through exercise.Researchers used data from the Health Study of Nord-Trøndelag County (HUNT study) – one of the largest and most comprehensive population-based health surveys ever undertaken – which was conducted between January 1984 and June 1997.A healthy cohort of participants was asked at baseline to report the frequency of exercise they participated in and at what intensity: without becoming breathless or sweating, becoming breathless and sweating, or exhausting themselves. At follow-up stage, they completed a self-report questionnaire (the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) to indicate any emerging anxiety or depression.The research team also accounted for variables which might impact the association between exercise and common mental illness. These include socio-economic and demographic factors, substance use, body mass index, new onset physical illness and perceived social support.Results showed that people who reported doing no exercise at all at baseline had a 44% increased chance of developing depression compared to those who were exercising one to two hours a week.However, these benefits did not carry through to protecting against anxiety, with no association identified between level and intensity of exercise and the chances of developing the disorder.According to the Australian Health Survey, 20 percent of Australian adults do not undertake any regular physical activity, and more than a third spend less than 1.5 hours per week being physically active. At the same time, around 1 million Australians have depression, with one in five Australians aged 16-85 experiencing a mental illness in any year.“Most of the mental health benefits of exercise are realised within the first hour undertaken each week,” said Associate Professor Harvey.“With sedentary lifestyles becoming the norm worldwide, and rates of depression growing, these results are particularly pertinent as they highlight that even small lifestyle changes can reap significant mental health benefits.” Pinterest LinkedIn Email Share Share on Twitter
Zika infections in Puerto Rico skew toward women, a pattern seen in other affected countries such as Brazil and El Salvador, and sexual transmission might partly explain the increased incidence, researchers reported today.Basing their findings on Puerto Rico’s database of lab-confirmed Zika cases, the world’s largest, a team from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and partners in Puerto Rico reported their findings today in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).In other developments, the CDC today reported one more baby born with Zika virus, and the WHO added two more locations to its list of countries and territories reporting local virus spread.Sexual spread a possible causePuerto Rico piled up 28,219 lab-confirmed Zika infections in nonpregnant people between Nov 1, 2015, and Oct 20, 2016. When researchers analyzed the cases by sex and age, they found that women ages 20 to 49 had the highest incidence, which matches the pattern seen in earlier reports from Brazil and El Salvador.Also, in people with suspected infections who were tested for Zika, women ages 40 to 79 years were more likely to test positive than men in the same age-group.The tilt toward younger women is unique among mosquito-borne diseases that have circulated in Puerto Rico, including dengue and chikungunya, which were equally distributed between women and men, the team noted.Brazilian experts have wondered if Zika’s skew towards women could relate to more exposure to Aedes mosquitoes in the home, more severe symptoms in different age-groups, differences in health-seeking behaviors, a bias toward healthcare workers, or sexual transmission.The CDC team said data from Rio de Janeiro suggest the gender difference in infection rates could be explained by male-to-female sexual transmission, which also might be responsible for the trend they see in Puerto Rico.”The relative contribution of sexual transmission of Zika virus to rates of Zika virus disease is only beginning to be explored, including relative risk of developing disease in men and women, and through sexual transmission versus mosquito-borne transmission,” the team wrote. They added that seroprevalence studies are needed to better gauge the rate of Zika infection in all groups and that the CDC and Puerto Rico Department of Health are currently conducting those investigations in people living near confirmed Zika case-patients.CDC: One more US baby born with ZikaIn its weekly update on various Zika case totals today, the CDC reported one more baby born with Zika virus in the United States, raising the total to 26. The number of pregnancy losses related to the virus remained at 5.Also, the CDC said 52 more Zika infections in pregnant US travelers have been reported, boosting that number to 1,057. In US territories, health officials added 94 more, pushing the number of pregnant women infected in those regions to 2,357.The number of Zika illnesses in US travelers grew by 47 to 4,035, while the number of infections in US territories vaulted to 31,093, an increase of 1,019, the CDC said.No new sexual transmission or Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) cases were reported by US states, though the territories reported one more GBS case, making that total 46.New Florida cases, WHO updateThe Florida Department of Health (Florida Health) today reported five more locally acquired Zika cases, raising the total to 222. One is linked to the Miami Beach investigation, and the others involve Miami-Dade County residents for whom the exposure locations are still under investigation.The World Health Organization (WHO) said today in its weekly Zika report that Montserrat and Palau are the only two locations reporting their first local Zika cases over the past week. It also said that its Zika emergency committee will meet on Nov 18 for the fifth time. The group last met Sep 1 and concluded that the Zika outbreak still constitutes a public health emergency of international concern. See also:Nov 10 MMWR reportNov 10 CDC updates
A dome shaped LNG tank steel roof, weighing more than four Boeing 747s, has been raised almost 40 metres using little more than air, on Curtis Island today.This was a significant milestone for the Santos GLNG Project’s liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant, being built by downstream principal contractor Bechtel.Vice President GLNG Downstream Rod Duke said electric fans were used to lift the 850-tonne roof, using about the same pressure it takes blow bubbles through a straw in a glass of water.“We used air to raise this huge roof, around 40 metres inside the outer concrete walls of the LNG tank,” Mr Duke said.“This is a huge achievement from the 2000 strong workforce on our site at Curtis Island to reach this milestone. More than half of these are Gladstone locals.“We can now start to build the inner nickel steel tank that will hold the LNG at minus 162 degrees centigrade.”Once in place, the steel roof will be covered by two concrete layers and weigh a total of 7725 tonnes.[mappress]LNG World News Staff, June 25, 2013; Image: GLNG
If you’re angry at cuts to legal aid (and you should be), then don’t just direct your ire at David Cameron. For those unlucky enough to sit through this morning’s press conference announcing changes to the justice system, let me give it to you in a nutshell. The prime minister strode out, flanked by two union jack flags, before announcing he’ll be taking lunch with the Queen and Duke of Edinburgh, so he’d better speed through. There followed a remarkable spiel of rhetoric and tabloid-pandering that may as well have been written at Wapping HQ. Those that threaten people with knives will be jailed (whatever happened to that promise to jail everyone carrying a knife I wonder?). Furthermore, you can now defend your home using reasonable force – a dramatic sea change in policy from previously, when, er, you could defend your home using reasonable force. It begs the question, can you defend your home (using reasonable force) by threatening the burglar with a knife? Answers on a postcard please. As we all knew in advance, sentences will not now be halved for an early guilty plea, leaving Ken Clarke’s justice department to find £130m in savings from elsewhere. Yet on the subject of legal aid, Cameron devoted barely 10 seconds, merely trotting out the line that the UK spends more on legal aid than anywhere else in the world. The prime minister appeared to think this a bad thing, seemingly seeking to hack away at the fundamental principle in our system that justice must be accessible to all. It’s a bit like when people wheel out the line: ‘Why should I be tolerant of them when they wouldn’t tolerate us in their country?’ It’s because this is the UK, and I’m proud of the human rights and freedoms that set us apart from so much of the world. Yet whatever you think of the government, let’s save our real anger for my journalistic brothers posing to questions to Cameron. They asked about Ken Clarke. Then they asked again, but slightly rephrased. They asked about government U-turns, splits and indecision. They asked about Libya, Scottish independence and the Greek tragedy at the EU. They even asked about the bow tie-wearing consultant who shouted at the PM last week. Yet not a single reporter thought to question the government’s policy on legal aid – instead pursuing their own lazy, personality-driven agenda to the detriment of a fundamental pillar of our society. Rome burnt, yet the nation’s journalists simply sat there and fanned the flames.
The Russian gateway put the bulk of the funds towards reducing air pollution. Modernisation of heat supply facilities was completed in 2012, which reduced emissions by 46 percent when compared to 2011, according to SP of SPb. Part of the fund was used to develop water treatment facilities at the port. SP of SPb also invested in improving the disposal of consumption and production waste. www.seaport.spb.ru
The waste heat recovery unit (WHRU) measured 8.6 m x 5.45 m x 5.2 m and was moved 3,700 km over 66 days. A six-member crew was deployed for the project and an escort vehicle shadowed the transport along the route.The total height of the module along with the trailer and axles was 6.4 m. Given that road signs are installed at an average height of 5.5 m, according to EXG, a plan for these to be dismantled along the route was essential.India’s nationwide Covid-19 lockdown measures also made the project move challenging. EXG said that its crew was able to arrange all necessary permissions to ensure there was no delay to the delivery schedule.EXG is a member of the Worldwide Project Consortium (WWPC).www.expressworld.comwww.wwpc.eu.com
The decision to lift reporting restrictions on judgments concerning the ruler of Dubai shows the judiciary is taking note of calls for transparency in the family court, according to a family lawyer. Anna-Laura Lock, senior associate at full-service firm Winckworth Sherwood, said the public interest in the decision to publish the judgments is clear. Redacted judgments concerning the wardship of two of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum’s children were published yesterday after the Supreme Court declined to hear an appeal on the ground that the application did not raise an arguable point of law of general public importance. They included a fact-finding judgment by the family division president, Sir Andrew McFarlane, that Sheikh Mohammed ’ordered and orchestrated’ the unlawful abduction of his daughter Shamsa from the UK to Dubai. Sheikh Mohammed’s lawyers had contested a ruling by McFarlane in favour of publication in the public interest. The application was made by Princess Haya Bint Al Hussein, the guardian of her two children and eight media organisations.The claims were based on two separate articles of the European Convention on Human Rights. The media claim was on the basis of article 10, emphasising the public interest in publicising findings on Sheikh Mohammed’s conduct and in understanding the role of the court. The mother’s claim was based on the rights of herself and the children under article 8. For Sheikh Mohammed, Lord Pannick QC and Desmond Browne QC – part of what the court described as ‘a strong and extremely experienced legal team’ – argued that publication would be contrary to the interests of the children in that it would undermine the possibility of restoring contact between them and their father. Last month the Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal, describing McFarlane’s judgment as ‘a paradigm example of the kind of evaluative decision by a trial judge with which this court ought not to interfere’. Commenting after the Supreme Court’s decision, Lock said: ’Now that details of the case have been made available, the public interest in the decision to publish the judgments is clear. Where findings have been made about such severe behaviour and intimidation, not least by a head of state, [Sheikh Mohammed’s] arguments that the parties’ privacy should be protected by not publishing the judgments were almost inevitably going to fail.’ Noting that the ruling came amid calls for greater transparency in the family courts, she added: ‘The signs are that the judiciary are taking note of these requests and concerns, and the publication of the judgment is evidence of this.’
A RECOMMENDATION from India’s National Railway Safety Commission that automatic train protection should be installed on some 15000 route-km of main lines over the next seven years has been accepted by the government. The cost is likely to be around US$1bn.The decision to install ATP follows the head-on collision at 120 km/h between the Bramaputra Mail and the Avadh Assam Express at Gaisal on August 2 1999. One of the trains was diverted irregularly on to the wrong track of the Northeast Frontier Railway’s double-track main line to Assam (RG 9.99 p549). The death toll of 286 came close to matching the 300 killed at Firozabad near Agra some four years earlier.Mr S K Khanna, Member Electrical of the Indian Railway Board, attended a UIC conference on the European Rail Traffic Management System in Paris on November 25 – 26 to tell suppliers what is required. IR expects to adopt ETCS Level 2, which retains conventional interlockings and track circuits, but transmits signal aspects to the train electronically. Data transmission would probably use radio because Siemens ZUB train protection installed on suburban routes in Kolkata had been stolen or vandalised, although it operates successfully in Mumbai.Proposals are to be invited shortly for a pilot project. This will see 84 km of the 145 km double-track main line between Delhi and Mathura Junction equipped, along with 40 locomotives. ETCS is favoured because it means that a range of equipment, with compatibility fully demonstrated by the Emset project (RG 12.97 p853), can be procured competitively from major signalling suppliers.Once the viability of ETCS Level 2 has been confirmed in IR’s environment, it will be rolled out along trunk lines between the four principal cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai. These total some 9500route-km. Other busy routes will follow including Delhi to Amritsar. nFollowing its 1995 order for GT46MAC AC-motored freight diesels from General Motors EMD, in a technology transfer deal for 13 to be supplied complete and the other eight assembled at DLW Varanasi, Indian Railways has now ordered 10 passenger diesels from GM EMD.
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June 2018’s Margin Protection Program for Dairy (MPP-Dairy) margin calculations ended a four-month string below $7 per hundredweight (cwt), but dairy producers who purchased coverage at the $7.50 and $8 per cwt margin levels will receive indemnity payments for a fifth consecutive month. Milk price up just a dimeThe June U.S. average milk price improved just 10 cents per cwt from May to $16.30 per cwt (Table 1). The June 2018 average was $1 less than June 2017. Through the first half of 2018, the average milk price stands at $15.88 per cwt compared to $17.53 per cwt in the same period of 2017.advertisementadvertisementCompared to a month earlier, June milk prices among the 23 major dairy states ranged from 50 cents higher (Arizona) to 60 cents lower (South Dakota). Florida’s average of $20.40 per cwt remained the nation’s high. The low was $14.80 per cwt in Michigan.Compared to a year earlier, June 2018 milk prices were lower in all 23 states, led by declines in Ohio and South Dakota (-$1.80) and Iowa (-$1.70). Fourteen of the 23 states posted declines of $1 per cwt or more.Feed prices dipJune 2018 U.S. average feed prices declined about 50 cents from May to $8.93 per cwt of milk sold (Table 2). The soybean meal price fell nearly $38 per ton from May; the U.S. average corn price dropped 9 cents per bushel; and the alfalfa hay price declined $8 per ton.advertisementMPP-Dairy margin moves above $7 per cwtWith the lower feed costs, the national average margin was $7.36 per cwt in June, the largest since January. Dairy farmers who enrolled in MPP-Dairy and elected $7 per cwt margin coverage won’t see a payment for milk marketed in June, and those insured at the $7.50 and $8 margin levels will see smaller payments than the previous four months.Dairy farmers insured at the $8 per cwt margin level will receive a base payment of about 63.5 cents per cwt on June milk (Table 3), less the 6.6 percent sequestration deduction and any premium costs. Producers insured at the $7.50 margin level will see a base payment of about 13.5 cents per cwt.For example, insured at the $8 level, a dairy herd with annual production history of 6.25 million pounds of milk and electing to cover 80 percent of that milk (5 million pounds) would be eligible for payment on 4,167 hundredweights (5 million pounds divided by 100 divided by 12) per month. The 4,167 hundredweights multiplied by about 63.5 cents per cwt would yield a base payment of $2,646 for June. Subtracting the sequestration deduction of about $175, the payment drops to about $2,471. That does not include any deductions for premiums. Payments are issued directly to producers via electronic deposit; there are no paper checks.While June’s MPP-Dairy margin improved, weaker dairy commodity prices in July, in part due to increased trade uncertainty related to Chinese and Mexican tariffs on U.S. dairy products, mean the July margin could descend to levels seen in February through May. As of July 27, the Program on Dairy Markets and Policy projected July’s margin to fall back below $7 per cwt, triggering a MPP-Dairy payment of about $1.20 per cwt for those insured at the $8 per cwt margin.Projected margins are expected to climb back to $7.50 per cwt in August and $8 per cwt in September.advertisement2018 MPP-Dairy premium balance deadline extendedThe deadline to pay all remaining 2018 MPP-Dairy buy-up premium balances has been extended to Sept. 28, according to Danielle Cooke, acting deputy administrator of farm programs with the USDA Farm Service Agency. The original deadline for calendar year 2018 MPP-Dairy buy-up premiums was Sept. 1.In a notice to USDA FSA state and county offices, Cooke said the extension will help ensure all MPP-Dairy participants have received all eligible payments before premiums are due.More producers, less milk enrolled in 2018When final enrollment numbers are tallied, more than 21,250 dairy operations will have covered about 131 billion pounds of milk under MPP-Dairy in 2018, representing about 60 percent of the U.S. milk supply, according to John Newton, chief economist with the American Farm Bureau Federation (AFBF). Read: Dairy MPP Is delivering in 2018: Even more help is on the way.The total number of dairy farms enrolled in MPP-Dairy for 2018 is up nearly 1,000 farms (5 percent) from 2017 enrollment levels, but the amount of milk covered is down 14 billion pounds. Newton said the decline in milk covered is likely due to producers seeking to stay within the Tier I (5 million pounds of milk) level, which offers dramatically lower premium costs.Only 23 percent and 7 percent of participating dairy operations elected buy-up coverage above the catastrophic $4 per cwt coverage level in 2016 and 2017, respectively. For 2018, 95 percent of the enrolled dairy operations elected buy-up coverage, and many of those farms elected the highest coverage level – $8 per cwt.USDA’s flexibility in allowing farmers to finalize coverage options until June 22 contributed to the upturn in buy-up coverage participation, Newton said. By then, farmers knew MPP-Dairy payments had been triggered at the $7 through $8 coverage levels from February through April.As of early July, USDA has made over $155 million in MPP-Dairy program payments, with the average payment rate through May averaging $7,400 per dairy operation, or 29 cents per cwt. Read: State MPP-Dairy payments listed; LGM-Dairy participants on outside.To receive these and future benefits, dairy farmers across the U.S. paid more than $65 million in premiums and administrative fees – resulting in a current net benefit of more than $91.5 million.While the outlook is for MPP-Dairy payments to end this fall, the timing should coincide with a USDA plan to assist dairy farmers and other agricultural producers affected by the ongoing tariff war, beginning some time after Labor Day.Read: Trump administration plans to offset dairy, ag trade retaliation impactThis fall may also bring additional improvements to the U.S. dairy risk management toolbox. Both House and Senate versions of the 2018 Farm Bill include further improvements to MPP-Dairy. In addition, the long-awaited launch of the Dairy Revenue Protection program, developed by AFBF, is expected this fall. Read: What is Farm Bureau’s Dairy-Revenue Protection?“Combined, the enhanced MPP, Dairy Revenue Protection and other risk management tools will provide a much more robust set of risk management tools for dairy farmers going forward,” Newton said. Dave NatzkeEditorProgressive DairymanEmail Dave Natzkedave@progressivepublish.com